Evolution of the Falls
Step back in time over 12,500 years ago!
Explore Facts & Figures Of The Falls
Discover the story of the formation of Niagara Falls!
There are three waterfalls that make up Niagara Falls: the Canadian Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls
Niagara Falls was created over 12,500 years ago when thick sheets of ice covered the region. Due to a violent earthquake the Niagara Riverbed was buried and eventually joined the Niagara River.
When the ice sheets melted the water flowed from the upper Great Lakes into the Niagara River which followed the topography of the land to the Niagara Escarpment.
Niagara Falls, the Great Lakes and the Niagara River were all created due to the Wisconsin glaciation.
The rock that formed Niagara Falls is composed of limestone and dolostone.
Over 10,000 years ago Niagara Falls was once located where Queenston, Ontario and Lewiston, New York are located today.
The water from the glaciers melted creating a steady flow of water over the crest of the rock.
The Canadian Horseshoe Falls is the most powerful waterfall in North America, however, it is not the tallest or widest waterfall.
Goat Island is an island in between the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The island was created when the Falls retreated and cut inward towards the Niagara Escarpment. The channel of the river cuts into two creating two waterfalls.
The Canadian Horseshoe once had a wide crest forming the letter ‘V’. Over time, due to erosion, the crest reformed into the shape of the horseshoe.
The waterfalls lie between 27 km (17 miles) from north-northwest Buffalo, New York to 121 km (75 miles) south-southeast to Toronto between the cities of Niagara Falls, New York and Niagara Falls, Canada.
Terrapin Point was once known as Terrapin Rocks and is located in Niagara Falls, New York. Just northwest of Goat Island and located beside the Canadian Horseshoe Falls.
In the mid twentieth century Terrapin Rocks was a group of rocks at the brink of the Falls disconnected from the Goat Island.
In 1983, the United States Army Corps of Engineers blasted away 25,000 tons of rock adding more landfill.
In the 19th century, Table Rock was considered the only observation point for visitors to see the Falls up close. In 1818, the first part of the Falls collapsed followed by a second and third collapse in 1828 and 1829.
Table Rock is a popular site for tourists to overlook the Falls. It is quite popular in the winter months when the mist of the Falls freezes around the Falls and on the rocks creating beautiful one-of-a-kind ice formations.